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The journal review I chose to do was Early adolescent gender differences in the use of ruminative and distracting coping strategies by Patricia C Broderick Her hypothesis was that rumination is manifested to a greater extent by girls than by boys prior to the onset of adolescence The independent variable in this study is the fourth and fifth grade boys and girls meaning their actual gender is the independent variable The dependent variable is the survey of two vignette scenarios for three different categories being school family and peer groups totaling six scenarios The sample was four groups of fourth and fifth graders each group consisted of a different school Research has shown that women experience more depressive moods than men This depressive moods and disorders can be experienced from adolescence all the way to adulthood The most common ages for depression to appear are between thirteen and eighteen The reason for this test is to clarify why depression occurs during adolescence because it is not understood what would cause this to happen However it is known that early events in a persons life can lead to depression at a later time The survey or test that was given tested for the different coping strategies used by these adolescents The two main strategies looked for during this test were Rumination and Distraction Rumination is according to the document written by Broderick a stable emotional-focused coping style conceived as a pattern of behaviors and thoughts that focus the individuals attention on his or her emotional state and inhibit any actions that might distract the individual from his or her mood Broderick defines distraction as behaviors or thoughts that take the persons mind off the problem and lessen the impact of negative mood on information processing and memory The survey was given to the sample of children asking them a question or putting them into a possible situation or scenario They red different questions or situations
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