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Four Important Cases Four important cases effectively shaped the laws for integration in school in the United States The first case was Plessy v Furguson The second was Brown v Board of Education The third was Griffin v Prince Edward County The last important case was Freeman v Pitts These cases looked at how African American children were pushed out of the school system The first case Plessy v Furguson main issue was whether laws which provided for the separation of races violated the rights of blacks as guaranteed by the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment The Supreme Court of the United States held that the Louisiana Act which stated that all railway companies were to provide equal but separate accommodations for white and black races did not violate the Constitution This law did not take away from the federal authority to regulate interstate commerce nor did it violate the Thirteenth Amendment which abolished slavery Additionally the law did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment which gave all blacks citizenship and forbade states from passing any laws which would deprive blacks of their constitutional rights The Court believed that separate but equal was the most reasonable approach considering the social prejudices which prevailed at the time This was important because now blacks could have the same rights as whites However separate but equal was seen as unconstitutional This case set the tone for other cases to come The second case is Brown v Board of Education The issue surrounded whether segregation of children in public schools denies blacks their Fourteenth Amendment right of equal protection under the law The main fact included Four black children sought the aid of the courts to be admitted to the all-white public schools in their community after having been denied admission under laws which permitted racial segregation The youths alleged that these laws deprived them of the equal protection of the law under the Fourteenth Amendment even
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