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Word Count: 1,286
In Homers The Odyssey a poem about an aging hero Odysseus trying to find his way home there are several female characters that can lead us to draw conclusions about the roles of women in ancient Greece Homer does this in two ways the first way is he uses supporting female characters such as Nausikaa and Art to represent the classic roles of females The second way is that that he has a cast of main female characters such as Athena and Calypso Both of these women represent a trait that was not stereotypically female and he makes sure to point to point this out Throughout the poem one can draw from the text conclusions about the roles of women in ancient Greece Homer uses Art wife of Alknos to outline the ideal woman in this time period Art e is beautiful wise and godlike Athena demonstrates it when she is speaking of her to Odysseus in Phaiakia No lady in the world no other mistress of a mans household is honored as our mistress is and loved by her own children by Alkinoos and by the people When she walks the town they murmur and gaze as though she were a goddess No grace or wisdom fails in her indeed just men in quarrels come to her for equity 113 Homer is pointing out that she is the perfect woman Everyone in the town loves her because of her godlike beauty and because she is graceful and wise Her own husband Alknos trusts her judgment which is proven when he asks her to bring here me a chest the finest one a clean cloak and tunic stow these things in order to prepare for Odysseuss departure 137 However in this request he refers to her as lady making clear the roles of dominance and submission The acceptance of an inferior position is a very important feminine value In Book I Penelope tells the
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