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In order to determine whether a fallacy can be justified in using or is ethically wrong one must examine the specific situation they are in and must study the consequences which they might face Informal fallacies are not mistakes in the formal structure of an argument but are based either in the failure of the evidence to be relevant or in some linguistic ambiguity Informal fallacies include defending a statement by appealing to force pity authority or popular belief In other words informal fallacies are alterations of the truth therefore they are not the complete truth therefore are lies which is why the Czech Proverb is accurate Half a truth is often a great lie This is because a lie is an assertion of something which is inaccurate and untrue with an intent to mislead and deceive For example an informal fallacy would be a doctor discovers that his patient is dying of a fatal disease but due to his pity for him and not to take away the patients hopes he tells the patient that he has a harmful disease but he should not worry because everything is going to be alright even though the patient is going to die at the end A perfect world is usually imagined as a world with no lies but to many peoples disappointment the world can never be perfect This is because the majority of the people in the world have lied or will lie at one point in their life even though they can just be white lies The main reason why people usually lie is for protection They lie to avoid punishment or protect themselves or people who they care for from punishment of some sort all types of punishment from a convict sentenced to death to a child getting sent to his room Also to avoid embarrassment for example a student lies and says that he is passing because he is embarrassed to
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