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Jonathan Swifts Gullivers Travel Book FourWhen Gullivers Travels was first published in 1726 Swift instantly became historys absolute most famous misanthrope Thackeray was not alone in his outrage when he denounced it as past all sense of manliness and shame filthy in word filthy in thought furious raging obscene quoted in Hogan 1979 648 Since then few literary works have been so extremely dissected discussed and disagreed upon It is the magnum opus of one of the English languages greatest satirists but definitely does not offer any simple answers It is written like the typical travel book of the day but instead of offering a relaxing escape from the real world Gullivers Travels brings us face to face with reality in all its complexityOf the four books comprising the work by far the most controversial has been the last A Voyage to the Houyhnhnms In it the narrator Gulliver is deposited by mutineers on an island colonised by two species The Yahoos are dirty savage and barbaric with no capacity for reason These wretched creatures physically resemble humans but immediately fill Gulliver with loathing The Houyhnhnms retrospectively are a race of talking horses governed completely by reason They lead natural simplified lives and use the Yahoos for menial labour They are so honest they cannot conceive of the notion of dishonesty They regard Gulliver as a precocious Yahoo and after a few years banish him from the Island Gulliver spends the rest of his life in England trying to talk with horses and regarding his fellow humans only with Hatred Disgust and ContemptGullivers Travels is a satire and Gulliver as satirical devise does not have a fully-fledged personality Although it is dangerous to equate the narrator with author completely Gulliver and Swift share the same basic view of human nature The difference as R Crane says is simply between a person who has just discovered a deeply disturbing truth about man and is considerably upset
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