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Word Count: 950
Plato begins Book VI describing what the nature of the States rulers or guardians should consist of According to Plato truthfulness spirit moderation gentility and the ability to grasp the forms are some of the essential qualities of a good and just ruler Since those who are able to grasp what is always the same in all respects are philosophers while those who are not able to do so and who wander among the many things that vary in every sort of way are not philosophers which of the two should be leaders in the city Book VI 484b Plato exclaims that philosophers are the only people that should be able to rule over others He makes it clear throughout this book that these are the only people that can grasp the pure forms through the mind and understand the essence and the beauty of the forms as well as the Good The majority of people do not When we turn our eyes to things whose colors are no longer in the light of day but in the gloom of night the eyes are dimmed and seem nearly blind as if clear vision were no longer in them yet when one turns them on things illuminated by the sun they see clearly and vision appears in those same eyes Book VI 508c This passage clearly describes the analogy of the divided line that Plato describes descending from the understanding of the forms to thought to belief to imagination When one looks up into the sun or into the light one is coming to the knowledge of the Good but when one looks downward they cannot possibly understand the forms from things that only imitate and manipulate the true forms The Good allows your mind to see the forms just as the light of sun allows you to see things Plato makes a distinction between his two realms the visible and the intelligible What is
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