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John by the grace of God king of England lord of Ireland duke of Normandyand Aquitaine and count of Anjou to the archbishops bishops abbots earlsbarons justiciars foresters sheriffs stewards servants and to all hisbailiffs and liege subjects greeting Know that having regard to God and forthe salvation of our soul and those of all our ancestors and heirs and untothe honor of God and the advancement of holy church and for the reform of ourrealm by advice of our venerable fathers Stephen archbishopof Canterburyprimate of all England and cardinal of the holy Roman Church Henry archbishopof Dublin William of London Peter of Winchester Jocelyn of Bath andGlastonbury Hugh of Lincoln Walter of Worcester William of CoventryBenedict of Rochester bishops of master Pandulf subdeacon and member of thehousehold of our lord the Pope of brother Aymeric master of the Knights ofthe Temple in England and of the illustrious men William Marshall earl ofPembroke William earl of Salisbury William earl of Warenne William earl ofArundel Alan of Galloway constable of Scotland Waren Fitz Gerald PeterFits Herbert Hubert de Burgh seneschal of Poitou Hugh de Neville MatthewFitz Herbert Thomas Basset Alan Basset Philip dAubigny Robert ofRoppesley John Marshall John Fitz Hugh and others our liegemen 1 In the first place we have granted to God and by this our present charterconfirmed for us and our heirs for ever that the English church shall be freeand shall have her rights entire and her liberties inviolate and we will thatit be thus observed which is apparent from this that the freedom of electionswhich is reckoned most important and very essential to the English church weof our pure and unconstrained will did grant and did by our charter confirmand did obtain the ratification of the same from our lord Pope Innocent IIIbefore the quarrel arose between us and our barons and this we will observeand our will is that it be observed in good faith by our heirs for
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