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Word Count: 499
Marx was born in Trier and was educated at the universities of Bonn Berlin and Jena In 1842 shortly after contributing his first article to the Cologne newspaper Rheinische Zeitung Marx became editor of the paper His writings in the Rheinische Zeitung criticizing contemporary political and social conditions embroiled him in controversy with the authorities and in 1843 Marx was compelled to resign his editorial post and soon afterward the Rheinische Zeitung was forced to discontinue publication Marx then went to Paris There as a result of his further studies in philosophy history and political science he adopted communist beliefs In 1844 when Engels visited him in Paris the two men found that they had independently arrived at identical views on the nature of revolutionary problems They began a collaboration to elucidate systematically the theoretical principles of communism and to organize an international working-class movement dedicated to those principles For information on their collaboration which continued until Marxs death In 1845 Marx was ordered to leave Paris because of his revolutionary activities He settled in Brussels and began organizing and directing a network of revolutionary groups called Communist Correspondence Committees in a number of European cities In 1847 these committees were consolidated to form the Communist League and Marx and Engels were commissioned to formulate a statement of principles The program they submitted known throughout the world as the Communist Manifesto was the first systematic statement of modern socialist doctrine and was written by Marx partly on the basis of a draft prepared by Engels Marx contributed the central propositions of the Manifesto which embody the materialist conception of history or historical materialism This theory was later explicitly formulated in Marxs Critique of Political Economy 1859 The Manifestos propositions are that in every historical epoch the prevailing economic system by which the necessities of life are produced determines the form of societal organization and the political and intellectual history of the epoch and that the
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