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A short biography Man Ray was born on August 27 1890 in Philadelphia and moved to New York with his family seven years later From 1909 to 1912 he studied at the Francisco Social Center Academy of Art New York while frequently visiting Alfred Stieglitzs gallery 291 He attended classes at the Ferrer Center in 1912 for drawing and watercolors Man Ray attempted to form an artists commune in 1913 with the poet Alfred Kreymborg He had his first solo show at the Daniel Gallery in New York in 1915 and around this time he took up photography the medium for which he is best known By 1916 Rays photography had come into full swing and he founded the society of Independent Artists together with Marcel Duchamp and Walter Arensberg In 1917 Man Ray created his first aerographs and went on to photographic and film experiments with duchamp in 1920 In 1921 Ray invented the Rayographs and had his first important exibition in the Librairie Six Paris In 1922 Ray began his work with nude photography and takes photos for various magazines- fashion photos and portraits In 1923 Rays first film was shown Le retour a la raison In 1925 he took part in his first surrealist exhibition in the galerie Pierre Paris and was from then on associated with the surrealists Man Rays art did well and he had many shows in both France and America Ray began to get more and more involved with the surrealists and his works accompanied many poems and books In 1940 Man Ray fled to the US shortly before Germanys occupation of France and he had exhibitions in Los Angeles San Franscisco Santa Barbara Pasadena and New York Man Ray returned to Paris in 1951 and in 1960 he had solo exhibitions in Photokina Cologne He was awarded the gold metal for photography at the Biennale in Venice In 1963 he published his autobiography entitled Self-Portrait in
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