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A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY OF MARTHIN LUTHER KING JR Martin Luther King Jr was born as Michael Luther King Jr on January 15 1929 at his home in Atlanta Georgia to proud parents Reverend and Mrs Martin Luther King King was originally named Michael after his father who changed Kings name to Martin when he was 6 He was the second of three children At the young age of 15 King graduated from Booker T Washington High School and was admitted to Morehouse College King decided to follow his father and become a minister and was Ordained to the Baptist ministry February 25 1948 at the age 19 While attending the Crozer Theological seminary in Pennsylvania he became familiar with the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi In 1951 King entered Boston University for graduate studies where he met his wife-to-be Coretta Scott King and Scott were married in 1953 and lived in Alabama On June 5 1955 King received a Doctorate of Philosophy in Systematic Theology from Boson University He joined a bus boycott and on December 5 1955 was elected president of the Montgomery Improvement Association making him the official spokesman for the boycott On November 13 1956 the Supreme Court ruled that bus segregation was illegal ensuring victory for the boycott In 1957 King formed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to fight segregation and achieve civil rights On May 17 King spoke to a crowd of 15000 in Washington DC In 1958 Kings first book Stride toward Freedom was published Whilst speaking on a tour King was nearly killed when stabbed by a lady in Harlem He met with President Eisenhower and other important Americans about the problems affecting black Americans In 1959 King visited India to study Gandhis philosophy of non-violence and resigned from pastoring at the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church to concentrate on civil rights full time He moved to Atlanta to direct the
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