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Word Count: 2,563
The Greek Philosopher Plato considered a properly led human life the good life to be achieved through harmony thus of the soul and of the people in a state Plato describes the soul as having three parts which he calls reason spirit and appetite The reason portion of the soul is an awareness of a goal or a value Spirit is the drive toward action which is at first a neutral drive but responds to the direction of reason Finally the appetite is the desire for the things of the body Plato saw the body itself as inanimate and therefore When it acts or moves it must be moved by the principle of life the soul 63 Stumf Temperance occurs when the emotions are ruled over by the intellect and the bodily appetites are ruled over by the emotions and especially the intellect An individual may be said to have harmony when the bodily appetites and emotions are not only ruled over by the intellect but do so willingly and without force For Plato harmony could be achieved only if the parts of the soul were doing what the nature of each required that it do Each part of the soul has a special function 68 Stumf Plato discusses three virtues that the three parts of the soul may attain The virtue of temperance this is moderation in pleasures The virtue of courage and the virtue of wisdom seeing true ideals in spite of constant change When each part of the soul is in fact fulfilling its special function a fourth virtue justice is attained 69 Stumf This harmony and virtue of justice is thus seen as the fulfillment of function therefore a properly led human life If there is harmony in the individual harmony in the community will result The state grows out of the nature of the individual Platos thought closely relates his moral philosophy with his political theory As justice
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