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ANCIENT SKEPTICISM In the most specific sense the term Ancient Skepticismrefers to two movements in ancient philosophy One movement is Pyrrohonism This states that Pyrrho of Elis 4th-3rd c BC was its founder It was especially prominent during and after the 1st century BC The other movement is Academic Skepticism which covers a skeptical phase in the history of Platos Academy 3rd to early 1st c BC The term skepticism itself is very often used more broadly and more loosely It is used in conjunction with many great ancient thinkers who really werent tied to these two movements They are however characterized by very relevant skeptical tendencies The most important of these philosophers are Protagoras and Socrates One might also include Gorgias Democritus Aristippus and Sinope Following Sextus Empiricus one can determine that the ancient skeptic was an investigator of sorts He was someone who investigated the questions of philosophy but also suspended judgement This was because he was not able to resolve the attitudes opinions and arguments that were contrary These things characterized the debated topics of philosophy The skeptic was unable to arrive at a solid position of his own on any of them He arrived at no firm philosophical position and described himself someone who continues to investigate The relationship between Pyrrhonian skepticism and other ancient philosophies is as follows When people search for something the most expected outcome is that either they find it or not In not finding it they accept that it cannot be found or they continue searching for it Some people have claimed to have found the truth others claim that it cant be found and others still search for it Followers of Aristotle and Epicurus and the Stoics assert that they have found it The followers of Clitomachus and Carneades have said that it cannot be apprehended The Skeptics continue to search 1-3 Mates The Pyrrhonian leaves the possibility
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