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CH 9 Archaeobacteriaprokaryotic organisms lacking peptidoglycan in their cell walls and differing from eubacteria in many ways Binomial nomenclatureby Linnaeus where each organism is assigned a genus and specific epithet 2nd name Cyanobacteriaphotosynthetic prokaryotic typically unicellular organisms that are members of kingdom Monera Divergent evolutionprocess where descendents of a common ancestor species undergo sufficient change to be identified as separate species DNA hybridizationprocess where double strands of DNA of ea Of 2 organisms are split apart and split strands from 2 organisms are allowed to combine Domainnew taxonomic category above kingdom level consisting of Archae Bacteria and Eukarya Eubacteriatrue bacteria Eukaryoteorganism with eukaryotic cells wnucleus and other membrane bound structures Extreme halophilegrow in highly saline salty environments Generally obligate aerobes Extreme thermoacidophilerequire hot and acidic environment usually from Domain Archae Five-kingdom systemsystem of classifying organisms into one of 5 kingdoms Monera prokaryotae Protista Fungi Plantae and Animalia Fungikingdom of nonphotosynthetic eukaryotic organisms that absorb nutrients from their environment Genetic homologysimilarity of DNA base sequences among organisms Genustaxon consisting of one or more species 1st name Methanogenone of groups of Archaeobacteria that produce methane gas Moneraprokaryote kingdom of prokaryotic organisms that are unicellular and lack true cell nucleus Mycoplasmasvery sm Bacteria w cell membranes RNA and DNA but no cell walls Numerical taxonomycomparison of organisms based on quantitative assessment of a lg of characteristics Phage typinguse of bacteriophages to determine similarities or differences among different bacteria Phylogeneticpertaining to evolutionary relationships Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis PAGEa technique for separating proteins from a cell based in their molecular size Probea single-stranded DNA fragment that has a sequence of bases that can be used to identify complementary DNA base sequences Prokaryotaemicroorganism that lacks a cell nucleus and membrane-enclosed internal structures all bacteria in the kingdom Monera Protein profilea technique for visualizing the proteins contained in
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