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Chapter ONE Politics Setting the Stage I What do political scientists study Study politics and analyze it Ex Measure just how much it actually costs a country to lose a war devise a new system of voting in primaries that might have led to a different set of candidate for most presidential elections study the spread of welfare reforms across the states study why democracies almost never wage war on other democracies II Politics What is it Politics is the making of common decisions for a group of people through the exercise of power by some members of the group over other members III Politics as the making of common decision Company politics Ford companys design decisions are not political decisions for the US but are political decisions for Fords stockholder managers and workers because they set a common policy for the company Family politics involve the familys decisions Neither is a national political decision IV Politics as an exercise of power The two defining characteristics of politics are that 1 politics always involves the making of common decisions for groups of people and 2 those decisions are made by some members of the group exercising power over other members of the group Power is defined by Shively as the ability of one person to cause another to do what the first wishes by whatever means Power may be exercised as coercion when we force a person to do something he doesnt want to do persuasion convince someone that that is what he really wants to do and construction of incentives when we make the alternative so unattractive that only one reasonable option remains V Implicit and manifest power Manifest power is power based on an observable action by A that causes B to do what A wants Ex Police officers signal causes driver to stop Implicit power is power in which A does what B desires not because of anything B say or
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