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Word Count: 1,691
Buckingham 1994 writes concerning the study of children and the media His article attempts to suggest more profitable methods of research rather than quantitative and qualitative data and functionalism and conflict theory he proposes an interactionist perspective This essay is a review of the Buckingham 1994 article and drawing upon sociologists like Patterson 1994 Western 1993 Robinson 1994 and Schultz 1993 to argue that Buckinghams 1994 article has not accomplished his apparent goals of more profitable research methods and a greater understanding of both children and the mass media The article by Buckingham 1994 starts out discussing the Jamie Bulger murder which caused a media frenzy of concern in a system which Western 1993 543 claims is a highly organised far-reaching oligopolistic institution and is according to Schultz 1993 584 the most pervasive and influential institution in society Buckingham 1994 79 begins by noting that the horror movie Childs Play 3 was found in the home of one of the murdering boys and that Jamie Bulgers murder was accordingly rewritten as a re-enactment of the film by the press This called many of the medias practices into question and studies were quickly commissioned to research the viewing habits of juvenile offenders Buckingham 1994 79 Buckingham 1994 79 goes on to state that the media that were responsible for the murder of Jamie Bulger not parenting techniques education or peer pressure The pleasure derived from the media has been the focus of anxiety and repressive campaigns and Buckingham 1994 79-80 notes that whenever something goes wrong this popular demonology rises Children are usually the focus of these concerns as they are seen to be at the greatest risk Buckingham 1994 80 describes two sociological perspectives for studying children and the media firstly conflict theory which condemns the media as an evil influence and portrays children as vulnerable and innocent secondly functionalism in which the media helps to socialise children This functionalist view is caused
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