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SICKLE CELL Sickle cell disease is a genetic disease meaning that it is not contagious nor can it be transmitted through contact this disease can only be caught through birth Sickle cell anemia is a disease that affects people who originate from areas of Africa parts of India and the Mediterranean South and Central America the Caribbean and the Middle East The reason for this is because these areas are prone to the spread of malaria The sickle cell gene originally resulted from the bodys attempt to protect itself from malaria 1 of 10 African-American has Sickle Cell Trait 1 of 375 African-American has Sickle Cell Anemia 13 of 3619 Caucasians have Sickle Cell Anemia Clinical Pediatrics 1987 Sickle Cell anemia is a group of inherited red blood cell disorders Normal red blood cells are round like doughnuts and they move through small blood tubes in the body to deliver oxygen Sickle red blood cells become hard sticky and shaped like sickles used to cut wheat When these hard and pointed red cells go through the small blood tube they clog the flow and break apart This can cause pain damage and a low blood count or anemia This disease can cause pain episodes strokes increased infections leg ulcers bone damage early gallstones lung blockage kidney damage painful erections in men blood blockage in the spleen or liver and eye damage Sickle cell anemia treatments vary There is no cure for sickle cell anemia yet However there are many sickle cell anemia treatments that can help reduce the frequency and severity of painful crises and improve the quality of patients lives Early detection of sickle cell anemia can save lives Newborn screening can be done before babies leave the hospital Infants who are found to have sickle cell disease can be immediately entered into a program of pediatric care When a doctor sees infants frequently and parents are trained to care for
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