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The aim of this study is to show that John Searles premises from which he derived his Chinese Room argument are false therefore his claim that strong artificial intelligence is not possible is invalid Partisans of strong AI claim that in a question and answer sequence not only is a machine simulating a human ability but alsoa The machine can literally be said to understand the story and provide answers to questionsb What the machine and its program do is explain the human ability to and answer questions about itSearle originally developed this thought experiment to challenge the above claims that the appropriately programmed computer literally has cognitive states and that the program thereby explains human cognition To challenge the premises for strong AI Searle sets up a scenario where a human carries out a function analogous to what a computer program might do The human who does not know a word of Chinese is isolated inside a room and is to communicate with Chinese people outside the room by mere symbol manipulation using a rule book Searle argues that the humans successful communication with the Chinese does not entail that he understands Chinese The following are Searles arguments against the above claims of strong AI by using his Chinese room thought experimenta It is obvious that the subject in the Chinese room would not understand Chinese He has inputs and outputs indistinguishable from those of the Chinese speaker by using a formal program but still understands nothing Let a computer take the place of the subject in the room In that case the computer is doing the same type of symbol manipulation and would therefore understand nothing even though it provides answers to questionsb The computer and its program do not provide sufficient conditions of understanding since they are only functioning and there is no understanding taking place Formal symbol manipulations by themselves dont have any intentionality They have only syntax but no semanticsSearles
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