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Smallpox Smallpox is an infectious disease Smallpox is an acute contagious disease caused by Variola virus it is a member of the orthopoxvirus family It was one of the worlds most feared diseases until it was eradicated by a collaborative global vaccination programme led by the World Health Organization wwwwhointemcdiseasessmallpoxAlthough there has been no recent accounts of it that doesnt mean that is not important Smallpox is highly contagious as well as infectious it has no specific treatment and the only prevention is vaccination Smallpox was really around during the 17-1800s The skin rash that develops on the face chest back and limbs characterizes the disease After about a week the rash resembles pustular pimples pus-filled that resembles boils Christopher King 97-04 There are 3 main ways of getting smallpox 1 Prolonged face to face contact with some one who has smallpox 2 Direct contact with infected bodily fluids and or objects such as bleeding or clothing 3 Exposure to an aerosol release of smallpox wwwcdcgocsmallpox It is some times confused with chicken pox but it is actually located in the chest and abdomen area But smallpox is more condensed in the face legs and arms CDC2004 The scientific name for smallpox is variola from the Latin word meaning spotted The virus is believed to kill anywhere from 20-40 of the people infected with the virus On the other hand Variola minor produces milder symptoms and is fatal in around 1 percent of its cases There are seven stages of the smallpox disease 1 Incubation Period Duration The duration of this period is 7- 17 Days at this point the virus is non-contagious Exposure to the virus is followed by an incubation period during which people dont have any symptoms and may feel may feel fine These incubation period averages about 12-14 days but can range from 7-17 days 2 Initial Symptoms Prodrome The duration of the second period is 2-4 days but its
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