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Chapter six of the book Criminology by Larry J Siegel is all aboutsocial structure theories There are many different theories introducedin this chapter as well as many different criminologists Socialstructure theories include three main theories social disorganizationtheories strain theories and cultural deviance theories Each theoryhas a unique point of view of lower class citizens and neighborhoods andhow these specific neighborhoods effects crime rates Social disorganization theory is the first theory introduced Socialdisorganization theory focuses on the conditions within the urbanenvironment that affects crime rates 166 Places that areconsidered disorganized in a community are ones who cannot carry outtheir original function such as commercial establishments schools orfamilies Institutions become disorganized when homes in the communityare deteriorating low-income levels large number of single-parenthouseholds increasing drop out rates and a high unemployment rate From the entire decline in the community antisocial behavior willflourishThe strain theories suggest that crime comes from the conflict betweenpeoples goals and how they can obtain the goals legally This theorygeneralizes that most people wand power prestige material possessionsand wealth Lower class members are unable to achieve the goals set bymost people and because of this they become angry frustrated and evenresent those who do have the abilities to achieve their goals Theemotions the lower class people feel are referred to as strain Membersof the lower class can accept the condition they are in a live liferesponsibility or can commit crime such as theft drug trafficking orviolence to get what they wantCultural deviance theory combines both parts of the two previoustheories social disorganization and strain In this theory it isbelieved that social isolation and strain create a lower-class thatdevelops disorganized neighborhoods The individual disorganizedneighborhoods have a different set of beliefs and values than the socialnorms these neighborhoods are known as subcultures The subculturesthat are created believe in having street smarts are risk takersstress excitement toughness fearlessness and immediate gratificationChapter six is full of important
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