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Aristophanes was a satirist who produced Lysistrata around 413 BC when the news ofAthens warships had been destroyed near Sicily For twenty-one years while Athens wasengaged in war he relentlessly and wittliy attacked the war the ideals of the war the war partyand the war spirit This risked his acceptance and his Athenian citizenship Lysistrata is probablythe oldest comedy which has retained a place in modern theatre It primarily deals with twothemes war and the power of sexualityLysistrata an invented name meaning She Who Puts an End to War has summoned thewomen of Athens to meet her at the foot of Acropolis She puts before them the easy invitationthat they must never lie again with their husbands until the war is ended At first they shudderand withdraw and refuse until with the help of the women from Sparta and Thebes they areimpelled to agree The women seize the Acropolis from which Athens is funding the war Afterdays of sexually depriving their men in order to bring peace to there communities They defeatback in an attack from the old men who had remained in Athens while the younger men are ontheir crusade When their husbands return from battle the women reject sex and stand guard atAcropolis The sex strike portrayed in risqu episodes finally pressure the men of Athens andSparta to consent to a peace treatyAncient Greece in 431 BC was not a nation It was a collection of rival city-states thatwere allies with each other or with leading military powers Athens was a great naval powerwhile Sparta relied mainly on its army for superiority In 431 BC these alliances went to waragainst each other in a conflict called the Peleponnesian War The war which went on for 27years is named for the Peloponnesus the peninsula on which Sparta is located As the war began Sparta and Athens each took advantage of their military strengths Sparta ravaged Attica the territory around Athens while the Athenian navy
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