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A Summary of the Ten Different Perspectives of Early Psychology: Structuralism, Functionalism, Gestalt Psychology, Behavioral, Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Physiological, Evolutionary, Cognitive, and Cultural and Diversity
Word Count: 869
Category: Psychology and Psychiatry
Word Count: 869
As described there are 10 different perspectives of early psychology These perspectives are Structuralism functionalism Gestalt psychology Behavioral psychodynamic humanistic physiological evolutionary cognitive and cultural and diversity Here is a summary of each Structuralism is the earliest approach in modern psychology founded by Wilhelm Wundt its goal was to evaluate the basic elements of a cognizant experience Davis and Palladino 2000 Wilhelm had a student whose name was Edward Tichener Upon his research Tichener depended upon a method that he liked to call introspection in which participants gave verbal reports of their conscious experiences Davis and Palladino 2000 In the late 1800s the United States became the founders of a new perspective known as functionalism It was an approach to psychology that focused on the purpose of consciousness Davis and Palladino 2000 The basic consensus was how the mind went about what it did and why Because consciousness was like a continually flowing stream it could not be easily broken down into its elements as Wundt had hoped According to James if it were broken down into elements it would lose its reality Davis and Palladino 2000 Members whom believed in Gestalt Psychology were Max Wertheimer Kurt Koffka and Wolfgang Kohler These gentlemen believed that our perception of a whole is different from our perception of an individual stimuli Davis and Palladino 2000 This psychology is founded on the principals known as apparent motion in which a rapid sequence of stationary images creates the illusion of movement as in a movie Rock Palmer 1990 The name Gestalt is an actual German word which could translate into shape or pattern in English The behavioral perspective focuses on the observable behavior and emphasis the learned nature of behavior Davis and Palladino 2000Unlike the other approaches the behavioral perspective accentuates how it is important to learn and understand and doesnt focus on coconscious B F Skinner a well known psychologist was a strong advocate to this thinking
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