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Thesis Statement Politeness can be realized in a number of ways among which the use of language concerns us most in the present discussion Politeness is then taken to be the various forms of language structure and usage which allow the members of a socio-cultural group to achieve their conflict-avoiding goals Outline 10 Introduction of Politeness 11What is Politeness Politeness is a kind of socio-cultural phenomenon in human communication Politeness is seen as the adequacy of linguistic behavior 12Motives of Being Politeness The motives of being politeness lies in the consideration of face Face is viewed as a positive public self-image that is maintaining in society 20 Culture 21 Define Culture Culture consists of not only language behavioural norms which can be observed but also values and beliefs underlying them 22 Language and Culture Every language is part of a culture 30 Politeness and Culture 31 The Concept of Face In Chinese and English 311 The Source of B Ls Face B L characterize face as image that intrinsically belongs to the individual to the self 312 Chinese Face Chinese speakers will be seen as being polite if they know how to attend to each others3875423376 and to enact speech acts appropriate to and worthy of such an image 32 Differences between Chinese face and BLs face The differences are related to the conceptualization and the content of face 33 Cultural Assumption 331 A Historical Review 332 Two Construals of the Self Interdependent and Independent 10Introduction 11 What is politeness Politeness is a kind of socio-cultural phenomenon in human communication It has been defined in diverse ways For Kochman 1984 politeness has a protective mission exercised in putting things in such a way as to take account of the feelings of others Polite conversation is a way of showing
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