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The Hubble Space Telescope was named after Edwin Hubble the leading American astronomer of the 20th century It was built under the supervision of NASA after the US Congress had authorized its construction in 1977 It is capable of performing observations in the visible near-ultraviolet and near-infrared Power to the two on-board computers is generated by two 24 by 121 meter solar panels The Hubbles current science instruments include three cameras Wide-Field Planetary Camera 2 Near Infrared and Faint Object two spectrographs High Resolution and Multi-Object a high-speed photometer and three fine guidance sensors The crew of the Discovery space shuttle placed it about 370 miles above the Earth on April 25 1990 The telescope is a cooperative program of the European Space Agency and NASA to operate a long-lived space-based observatory The observatory was first dreamt of in the 40s designed and constructed in the 70s and 80s and operational in the 90s From the beginning HST was designed to be a long-term space-based observatory Astronomer Mario Livio of the telescope institute says The thing that is so amazing is that literally every place HST has looked it has found something fantastic The Hubble Telescope has found some amazing things During the week of October 26th Francois Schweizer and colleague Brad Whitmore announced that Hubble spied more than 1000 brilliant clusters of stars exploding into existence With those images the telescope showed that galaxies are not the isolated structures they were once thought to be Instead they collide and merge cannibalize each other fade flare and change shape like Flubber Astrophysicist Alan Dressler of the Carnegie Observatories in Pasadena California says We all believed the galaxies looked the same for all time But they dont HST by telling us about how galaxies formed and evolved is telling us something about we got here Its really amazing that humans could learn that The Hubble Telescope
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