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King Philips War King Philips War 1675-76 the most devastating war between the colonists and the Native Americans in New England The war is named for King Philip the son of Massasoit and chief of the Wampanoag His Wampanoag name was Metacom Metacomet or Pometacom Upon the death 1662 of his brother Alexander Wamsutta whom the Native Americans suspected the English of murdering Philip became sachem and maintained peace with the colonists for a number of years Hostility eventually developed over the steady succession of land sales forced on the Native Americans by their growing dependence on English goods Suspicious of Philip the English colonists in 1671 questioned and fined him and demanded that the Wampanoag surrender their arms which they did In 1675 a Christian Native American who had been acting as an informer to the English was murdered probably at Philips instigation Three Wampanoags were tried for the murder and executed Incensed by this act the Native Americans in June 1675 made a sudden raid on the border settlement of Swansea Other raids followed towns were burned and many whites-men women and children-were slain Unable to draw the Native Americans into a major battle the colonists resorted to similar methods of warfare in retaliation and antagonized other tribes The Wampanoag were joined by the Nipmuck and by the Narragansett after the latter were attacked by the colonists and soon all the New England colonies were involved in the war Philips cause began to decline after he made a long journey west in an unsuccessful attempt to secure aid from the Mohawk In 1676 the Narragansett were completely defeated and their chief Canonchet was killed in April of that year the Wampanoag and Nipmuck were gradually subdued Philips wife and son were captured and he was killed Aug 1676 by a Native American in the service of Capt Benjamin Church after his hiding place at Mt Hope Bristol RI was betrayed His body was
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