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Harm is easily defined when it is intentional after all no one would push you down the steps or purposely cause you to wreck your car Negligence is an area of tort law that involves unintentional acts that can cause harm and is just as easily identified The boundaries governing liabilities for negligence however are much narrower than that of intentional torts The difference is that the respondent in a negligent action is performing a task which is considered perfectly acceptable in everyday activities as long as the activities are performed with a reasonable amount of care Therefore the negligent party is held accountable for violating the rules governing that particular activity Lets examine a few casesThe case of Palsgraph v Long Island Railroad Company in an opinion authored by Judge Benjamin Cardozo is a good place to start This case places Helen Palsgraph on the train platform waiting for her train to the beach Another train arrives at the station and two men run to catch it the last gentleman leaps to the train at the last moment and starts to stumble The conductor on the train grabs the man to help him aboard while the conductor on the ground shoves the man from behind During the conductors actions of aide one of the two packages that the man is carrying gets dislodged and falls to the tracks The package contains fireworks and upon hitting the tracks they explode on impact setting to motion a chain of events Either the shock from the explosion or the rush of the crowd away from the explosion caused some scales on the other side of the platform to be knocked down These scales fell on Helen Palsgraph injuring herLet us now apply what we know about reasonable care to this case The conductors owed the man running for the train a reasonable amount of care when they started to assist him aboard Had this man have gotten
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