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During the reign of Czar Nicholas II 1884-1917 Russia went through a series of bad harvests that caused starvation among the peasants As industrialization increased discontent also grew among the middle class and proletarians workers in the cities As a result Russians found themselves drawn to three main polotical parties that sought changes in government and promised a better future the liberal constitutionists the populists and the Marxists The Marxists who followed the socialist teachings of Karl Marx wanted to promote revolution among the city workers In 1898 a number of secret Marxist groups in Russia joined and formed the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party which became the inception from which Bolshevism emerge Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov who later added the name Lenin is the founder of Bolshevism which later became known as the Communist Party This Communist doctrine is based on the ideas and theories of Karl Marx According to Marx the free enterprise system which is based on privately owned businesses would eventually destroy itself As a result economic depressions would occur The depressions would worsen until the workers would revolt and take over the industries Marx believed that such revolutions would occur in Western nations that had highly developed economies1 Lenin believed that a revolution would succeed in Russia only if led by a small political party of professional revolutionaries2 This idea was Lenins most important addition to Marxs social theory as he founded the Bolshevik party In 1903 the second congress of the Russian Social Democratic Party was held in London to discuss the issue of party organization and membership This gathering represented thousands of members with influence over hundreds of thousands of workers Lenin and Martov were part of the Iskra group During the 22nd session when the Congress had been going on for two weeks the unity of the Iskra group was broken by a clash between Lenin and Martov over an organizational issue One of the
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