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Though the jihad declared by Osama Bin Laden against the United States can be seen as a conflict in many different angles I feel that Samuel P Huntingtons definition of a clash of civilizations approaches the situation best The fault lines between civilizations are replacing the political and ideological boundaries of the Cold War as the flash points for crisis and bloodshed Huntington 29 The Cold War in Afghanistan sparked by the US resulted in several Islamic Fundamentalist groups including Osama Bin Ladens network the Al Qaeda Americas plan of having the Muslim community declare jihad on the Soviet Union backfired in a way unimaginable to the Central Intelligence Agency The United States not wanting to involve themselves in the war between Afghanistan and the Soviet Union yet knowing that Afghanistan could not defend their territory on their own against the large Soviet army had the large Muslim population in Afghanistan declare a jihad so other Muslims and Muslim countries would form alliances and defeat the Soviet Union therefore defeating the spread of communism After the Cold War in Afghanistan ended US Intelligence assumed Islamic groups would return to their respective countries However the fundamentalists stayed in Afghanistan in order to keep the nations Muslim name intact while the USA saw the collapse of the Soviet state as the failure of the communist system many Muslims saw it solely as a victory for Islam Rashid 131 The successful jihad had sparked a new interest with fundamentalists in conquering the world in the name of Islam The war left behind an uneasy coalition of Islamist organizations intent on promoting Islam against all non-Muslim forces 130 According to Huntington The clash of civilizations thus occurs at two levels At the micro-level At the macro-level states from different civilizations compete for relative military and economic power struggle over the control of international institutions and third parties and competitively promote their particular political and religious values Huntington 29 On
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