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Albert Bandura was born on December 4 1925 in the small farming community of Mundare Canada He was educated in a small school with minimal resources yet a remarkable success rate He received his bachelors degree in Psychology from the University of British Colombia in 1949 Bandura went on to the University of Iowa where he received his PhD in 1952 It was there that he came under the influence of the behaviorist tradition and learning theory He has since developed his social learning or cognitive theory and his ideas of observational learning and modeling for which he made a place for himself in the history of Psychology Yet his theory is still related to behaviorism because it addresses the element of learning attention memory drive that are included in both behavioral and social theories Behaviorism is the view that only observable overt activities that can be measured scientifically should be studied by Psychology Behaviorists believe that internal events such as thoughts images feelings and intentions are immeasurable and so should not be part of Psychology Baron 1998 p7 The scientific or experimental methods are ways in which we are able to measure such observable activities The scientific method involves the construction of theories for explaining various events or processes The theories contain predictions or hypotheses that are then tested by further research and observation The theory is then accepted only if the new observations are consistent with the theory The experimental method is a research method in which one or more variables are manipulated called the independent variable in order to see the effects it has on another variable the dependent variable In summary it says that ones environment causes ones behavior Bandura found this theory to be true but also added that behavior causes environment as well In the argument over whether the person or the situation is most responsible for the behavior Bandura argues for reciprocal determinism in which a
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