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Treatments of Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder is characterized by both manic and depressive episodes A manic episode is a period in which a persons mood is elevated expansive or irritable to a degree that causes serious impairment in relationships and occupational and social functioning A major depressive episode is a period of two weeks during which a person experiences a depressed mood or a loss of interest in nearly all activities Walsh 1998 Some symptoms of a depressive episode may include the following depressed mood fatigue or loss of energy feelings of worthlessness or a diminished ability to think or concentrate The purpose of this paper is to give you information concerning different treatments of people who have been diagnosed with the Bipolar disorder I will also be discussing possible side effects of different treatments to give you a better understanding how different drugs coincide within a persons body After reading this article you will have a better understanding of treating the bipolar disorder Lithium is the oldest and most widely prescribed medication for the treatment of bipolar disorder Lithium circulates through the body as a small ion with a positive electrical charge The lithium action has been characterized by a high rate of passage through cell membrane ion channels This results in a stabilization of electrolyte imbalances in the cell membrane and the impediment of naturally occurring impulses that contribute to mania Lithium is more effective at stabilizing manic than depressive episodes Some common side effects of lithium may include thirst fatigue weight gain mild tremors in the hand or wrist increased urination and gastrointestinal upset Walsh 1998 The usage of lithium significantly increases total grey-matter volume in patients According to Moore eight out of ten patients experienced an increase of grey-matter after using lithium Moore 2000 Although lithium has long been the treatment of choice of bipolar disorder it has been shown in studies to have less protective power in patients who
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