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Introduction Andy Warhol became famous in the early 1960s for his now-legendary artworks featuring Campbell Soup cans In the 1970s and 1980s he began using photography and silk-screening techniques to capture portraits of everyday objects and celebrities like Elvis Presley Elizabeth Taylor and Marilyn Monroe When critics attacked his work as boring and unoriginal he would reply that he was not a creator of art but a recreator McShine 1989 Critics wanted to know if he painted everyday items like Brillo pads to make fun of commercialism or did Warhol want to glorify commercial America Were those soup cans lampooning success or were they symbols of an affluent society To some Warhol used soup cans as C used apples Art in America 1987 p 143 Background Andy Warhol was born in 1927 or 1928 no one knows for sure as Andrew Warhola near Pittsburgh to Czech immigrant parents His father who died when Warhol was a child was a coal miner After graduating from Carnegie-Mellon University Warhol worked at odd jobs before moving to New York City in his twenties Warhol Foundation nd As an illustrator for advertisements he won the 1957 Art Directors Club Medal for a giant shoe ad He also is remembered for a 1961 Lord Taylor department store window display he did using blown-up paintings of the Dick Tracy comic strip By 1959 his first serious work was being exhibited at the Bodley Gallery in New York Warhol Foundation nd By 1965 Andy Warhol was no longer just making pictures of celebrities He became a celebrity When the Institute of Contemporary Art in Philadelphia exhibited a retrospective of his work 4000 people showed up for the opening The curators knowing this could be a security risk removed the paintings and hosted the opening of the exhibit in bare galleries Warhol Foundation nd Pop Culture Rosenblum writes that the sixties were only the beginning of the story He compared Warhols art
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