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Magna Carta The most famous document in British history issued in 1215 by King John In the form of a charter it is a reactionary document with a purpose to insure feudal rights and dues to guarantee the King would not encroach upon baronial privileges It implies that there are laws to protect the rights of people and their communities that the King must observe and obey by It outlined that everyone shall be guaranteed of trial by a jury and of habeas corpus It also vaguely outlines statements against oppression of all subjects It covers trial by peers and removed absolute power of the monarchy It brought justice to the legal system and paved the way for further developments to come The Bill of Rights 1688 One of the fundamental instruments of constitutional law it settled the struggle between the monarchy and the parliament The monarch ceased to have decision making powers hence the creation of government It outlined that only the parliament has the power to tax It gave political supremacy to the Parliament Other important provisions and implications were freedom of speech freedom to debate in parliament prohibited cruel and excessive punishment and overall brought justice to all citizens and parliamentarians Habeas corpus Latin- have the body 1862 The most celebrated and important writ in English law it provides a remedy for violation of personal liberty It outlines that a person must be bought before the court if being imprisoned Its sole function is to release an individual from unlawful imprisonment It tests only whether a prisoner has been accorded due process not whether they are guilty or not It is seen generally as a last resort The Reform Act 1832 At a time in which Britain was being transformed from a country state and becoming very much industrialised the middle classes emerged as the dominant economic and social group These groups had no representation in parliament and
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