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Word Count: 973
The Early Evolution of Motion Pictures Many inventors and scientists observed the visual phenomenon that a series of individual still pictures set into motion created the illusion of movement - a concept termed persistence of vision by Roman poet Lucretius who discovered the phenomenon A number of technologies and inventions related to motion and vision were developed in the early to late 19th century that were precursors to the birth of the motion picture industry Pioneering Britisher Eadweard Muybridge 1830-1904 an early photographer and inventor was famous for his photographic loco-motion studies at the end of the 19th century He used 12 cameras equally spaced along a racetrack to record the movement of a galloping horse to prove that all four of the horses feet were off the ground at the same time Muybridges pictures published widely in the late 1800s were often cut into strips and used in a Praxinoscope Muybridges stop-action series of photographs helped lead to his own 1879 invention of the Zoopraxiscope a primitive motion-picture projector machine that also recreated the illusion of movement or animation by projecting images onto a screen from photos printed on a rotating glass disc The Belgian scientist Joseph Antoine Ferdinand Plateau developed the phenakistoscope also called the Fantascope the first device that allowed pictures to appear to move In the late 1880s famed inventor Thomas Alva Edison and his young British assistant William Kennedy Laurie Dickson first developed the Kinetophonograph or Kinetophone a precursor of the 1891 Kinetoscope that synchronized film projection with sound from a phonograph record Although Edison is often credited with the development of early motion picture cameras and projectors it was Dickson in November 1890 who devised the Kinetograph Early in 1893 the worlds first film production studio the Black Maria or the Kinetographic Theater was built on the grounds of Edisons laboratories at West Orange New Jersey for making filmstrips for the kinetoscope On Saturday April
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