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Abolition of The immigration Act or white Australia policy The origins of the White Australia policy can be traced back to the 1850s when white miners resentment towards the Chinese diggers growing into violence on the Buckland River in Victoria and at Lambing Flat in New South Wales The Governments of these two colonies introduced restrictions on Chinese immigration Later it was the turn of hard-working Kanakas in Northern Queensland Factory workers in the south became opposed to all forms of immigration which might threaten their jobs - particularly non-white people who they thought would accept a lower standard of living and work for lower wages Some influential Queenslanders felt that the colony would be excluded from the forthcoming Federation if the Kanaka trade did not cease Leading NSW and Victorian politicians warned there would be no place for asians or coloureds in the Australia of the future In 1901 the new Federal Government passed an Act ending the employment of Pacific Islanders The new Immigration Restriction Act 1901 received Royal Assent on 23 December 1901 It was described as an Act to place certain restrictions on immigration and to provide for the removal from the Commonwealth of prohibited immigrants Among those it prohibited from immigration were the insane anyone likely to become a charge upon the public or upon any public or charitable institution any person suffering from an infectious or contagious disease of a loathsome or dangerous character It also prohibited prostitutes criminals and anyone under a contract or agreement to perform manual labour within the Commonwealth with some limited exceptions One of the ways restrictions were imposed was by introducing a dictation test used to exclude certain applicants by requiring them to pass a written test in a specific language with which they were not necessarily familiar The Act stated the migrant had to write out dictation and sign in
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