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Running head GENDER AND NUMBER OF BYSTANDERS Abstract This study was designed to look at the effects of gender and the number of bystanders on helping behavior There were 128 participants in this study compromising of students faculty and also the general public in the area of Lexington KY The experiment was to drop pencils in an elevator when the correct number of bystanders were present to see who helped and who did not The results of the study showed that the number of bystanders had no impact on whether the student who dropped his or her pencils was helped however there was significant evidence that men were more likely to help than women The Effects of Gender and the Number of Bystanders on Helping Behavior In the past decades a large amount of research has been devoted to examining the connection between gender and helping behavior as well as the number of bystanders in relation to whether it will increase the willingness to help This is to uncover the relationship between these factors so people can be more prepared when faced with an emergency to know if they will receive any form of aid By studying helping behavior we can come up with ways to increase and promote helping behavior among the general public in order to bring about a caring and helping society Stereotypically it is assumed that females would be more helpful than males since they are perceived to be more expressive caring and empathetic This has been supported by a study that examined the effects of perceived costs on helping behavior in a university library Dovidio 1982 It was found that on the overall that female students helped more often in response to a request for some change as compared to male students and this was especially true for situations involving members of the same sex Tice and Baumeister 1985 who studied potential effects of
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