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One of the most vulnerable and marginalised groups in society are people with an intellectual disability Developmentally delayed individuals need a wide range of leisure programmes to choose from The principle of Normalization has led to equal rights for people with special needs Providing people with inclusive leisure programmes with non-disabled persons assists with their socialisation However lack of tolerance in the community at large financial constraints difficulties in accessing transport as well as skill deficiencies can inhibit some people from participating Paterson Taylor 2002 People with disabilities often feel isolated with little support from family and friends This can inhibit them from being able to attend recreational activities It is important that changes of attitude occur in mainstream society to assist the person with a disability to achieve a better quality of life Patterson Taylor 2001 Marginalised groups often are stigmatised discriminated against and excluded from society Goffman1997 This is certainly the case for people infected with human immunodeficiency virus HIV Negative community responses especially fear of HIV often leave the person in despair and with lowered of self-esteem Edington et al 1998 They have to cope with loss of employment and rejection by members of professional and social networks and as a result they feel isolated and impoverished The Aids Council of New South Wales ACON has responded by offering individual programmes as well as a network of social groups for leisure activities A caseworker from AC Aids Council explained that it is extremely difficult for the HIVAIDS affected person to participate in mainstream activities because of negative attitudes and stigmatisation Poverty is disproportionately high amongst minority and ethnic groups Issues such as discrimination in finding employment accessing education and training prevents individuals from achieving success One study by Vescio et al 1999 investigated sports participation and attitudes towards girls attending high schools in Sydney It was found that participation by girls from non-English speaking backgrounds was significantly
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