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Word Count: 630
Rock Roots Africa and Cuba - a synthesis between 2 traditions 2 continents to form rock - rock is the unique tribute to the power of integration - upon closer inspection rock appears to be a purely African addition to the western musical institution - Afro-Cuban black music of Mississippi and Louisiana share common ancestry in the early 19th C the Haitan revolution sent the islands plantation owners packing Many managed to escape with their African slaves whose origins were primarily from Yoruba Fon modern Nigeria Congo and Guinea Most of these slaves ended up in either Cuba found in the Oriente province or in the southern United States pricipally in LA but also spreading into MS - from Africa these black slaves brought a strong oral music tradition of storytelling recreation work and tragedy - used the call-and-response method eg Ray Charles Whatd I Say - ask the Cubans where their music comes from and many point to the mountanous jungle-lush Oriente province in the fart south of Cuba - the heartland of where the islands African religeous musical survivals are - during the 19th C African rythmic structures filtered out of the Orientes countryside into the popular dance halls of its capital Santiago-de-Cuba From there the new music - African polyrythms underlying spanish guitar styles and stanza forms all using the call-and-response - spread to Havana This style is called son - when a Cuban is asked if this son business was anything like a-wop-bop-a-lu- bop-a-lop-bam-boom the Cuban will counter or like boogie John Lee Hooker - what is known as clave music in Cuba is the same as the Bo Diddley Beat - by the 1920s Havana was rocking to sons bass-heavy riffs - the most characteristic bas pattern was a 3-note figure identical to the bass parts on mid-50s rocknroll hits like Elvis Lawdy Muiss Clawdy and Fats Dominos Bluberry Hill - only in Cuban
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