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Word Count: 1,258
Much of what is learned and taught today stems from the African culture As always many different cultures take claims for things that Africans created or long before most even thought of it Yet in still proper credit is never given to our ancestors for many reasons One being that many people do not or would not like to admit the fact that the Africans were creators and inventors of much of todays culture Also and most importantly many are misinformed or just do not know Works written in African languages and traditional oral texts went virtually unacknowledged until the late 20th century but today they are finally receiving increased recognition Many African works were not written down but passed along orally from one generation to the next through memorization and recitation These traditional ways served many of the same purposes that written text serve For example entertainment instruction and commemoration The existence of an oral tradition implies mentalities different from other societies who only relied on written documents It was the responsibility of the griot a poet-historian to tell and transmit their peoples history The oral literature includes prose verse and proverb and they vary in length The collective body of oral texts includes verbal art oral literature folklore and recently orature The folklore in prose form is usually told for nighttime entertainment Folklores feature humans and animals either together or separate They serve as social comments and instruction while at the same time discourage antisocial behavior The famous character in folklore is the trickster Usually a small but witty animal that uses its wit to protect itself against larger and more powerful animals Examples of tricksters are Anasi a spider in the people of Ghana folklore Ajapa a tortoise in Yoruba folklore and Sungara a hare found in East African folklore The legend intended to enhance of the gods and dynasties is also a component of oral literature The African legend is
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