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THE AMERICAN RED CROSS ASSOCIATION The American Red Cross Association was founded in Washington DC in 1881 by Clara Barton She was known as the Angel of the Battlefield because her hearts desire was to aid servicemen that were combating in the Civil War President Abraham Lincoln created the United States Sanitary Commission to help cope with diseases that swept through the Union Army Clara Barton often traveled to Europe to rest after forming the local Red Cross Society in Dansville New York The Red Cross embarked on its first disaster relief effort by providing assistance to victims of forest fires in Michigan that left 125 dead and thousands homeless In 1891 The Red Cross constructed a building in Glen Echo MD to serve as a warehouse for disaster supplies Later it was modified to accommodate offices and living quarters for Clara Barton and her associates In 1892 The Red Cross went overseas for its first relief program by sending corn donated by Midwestern farmers to Russia to help feed one million family victims In 1900 The American Red Cross received its first Congressional Charter and responded to Galveston Texas after a hurricane and tidal wave caused the highest death toll in the United States of an estimated 6000 deaths The Red Cross also supplied financial and other assistance to families of the victims of the fire in a garment workshop that caused 145 deaths and prompted major revisions to the citys fire laws They also assisted in the Titanic disaster In 1912 The Red Cross began its rural nursing program that gave home nurses training and assistance to families in areas undeserved by medical professionals Later that year The Red Cross went beyond their guidelines to provide relief victims to civil unrest following Tulsa Oklahoma race riots that caused the destruction of African-American sections of the city that resulted in more than 100 deaths In 1922 The Red Cross created the national office
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