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Ancient laws evolved as a necessary means by which to regulate societys behavior What had typically been left up to the whims of each individual to handle on his own needed to be a product of a fair and sensible legal procedure It can be argued that there was a great need for this because at the time there was no sense of conformity when it came to retribution In the tribal village for example there was no government as we know it today The family patriarch ruled and cared for his familys property Conflict was a common problem As more and more people lived in cities where there were many classes and ethnic groups craftsmen traders soldiers scribes judges and priests the need for governance on an expanded scale became evident As Greek law became established it became an integral component of other areas of life branching out into political and social implications Sumerian The earliest human legal systems were almost universally forms of lex talionis The lex talionis is a law of equal and direct retribution in other words an eye for an eye a tooth for a tooth an arm for an arm a life for a life Hooker nd The earliest known written code of laws was the Code of Hammurabi the most famous of the Babylonian kings of Mesopotamia Hammurabis code of laws is almost entirely based on lex talionis it portrays the origin of law in retributive violence Unlike direct retribution however the law is administered by the state or by individuals that cannot be victims of revenge in return Hammurabis code consisted of some 280 laws grouped in sections for administering ownership of land and the rights of ownership ownership of sheep relations to neighbors relations between husband and wife selling renting and trade and so on Hooker nd Hellenics The Greeks were responsible for influencing many great civilizations The Hellenics were one civilization that gathered a tremendous
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