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Androgyny at Home and in the Workplace According to Webster to be androgynous means to have both male and female characteristics In studies of gender it is referred to as an individuals tendency to report having both traditionally masculine and traditionally feminine characteristics Baron Byrne 1997 What all that boils down to is that there is a man in every woman and a woman in every man but by no means should this be interpreted as a human being having both female and male sexual equipment Androgyny is a purely psychological state By the way having both sexual genitalia is the uncommon condition of the hermaphrodite Baldwin 1985 One of the earliest studies done on sex roles was by Sandra Bem She developed the Bem Sex Role Inventory Model which measures the extent to which and individuals self description is characterized This description is characterized as traditionally masculine traditionally feminine both which was discussed previously as androgyny or neither the indifferent Bem 1978 argued that only those who can demonstrate both masculine and feminine characteristics adapt effectively to varied ongoing situational demands Another way of explaining the term androgyny is by using the terms dual motivational theory There are two essential human aspects of the self proposed by dual motivational theorist One of their motives is the individuals striving for independence mastery task accomplishment and self assertiveness These qualities have been customarily linked with the male gender role and is sometimes referred to as instrumentality The other part of the dual motive is the individuals striving for connectedness with others encompassing interpersonal cooperativeness having sensitivity to others needs and emotional openness Stake 1997 These traits have been traditionally associated with the female gender role and are sometimes called expressiveness Angyal 1965 Bakan 1966 Guisinger Bath 1994 Bem recognized that a particular situation may call for both expressiveness and instrumentality In these cases androgyny could take the blended form of the
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