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What is nuclear energy There are two forms of bombs using nuclear energy the atomic bomb and the hydrogen bomb In all of these bombs contains a very explosive energy nuclear energy Nuclear energy refers to the energy consumed or produced in modifying the composition of the atomic nucleus This fundamental form of energy provides the atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb with their enormous explosive force First is the atomic bomb The atomic bomb is an explosive device that depends upon the release of energy in a nuclear reaction known as fission which is the splitting of atomic nuclei With a release of energy about a million times greater than an equal weight of chemical high-explosive it was the most impressive and disturbing application of science during World War II That mass could be converted into energy was predicted by Albert Einstein early in the century and confirmed experimentally by John D Cockcroft and Ernest Walton in 1932 But not until 1939 when an entirely new phenomenon was discovered by Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann did a net gain of energy appear possible Neutrons striking the element uranium caused it to fission into fragments having less mass than the original atom This mass loss appeared as the energy of motion of the fragments and in emitted radiation Secondly is the hydrogen bomb The hydrogen bomb or H-bomb is a nuclear weapon in which light atomic nuclei of hydrogen are joined together in an uncontrolled nuclear fusion reaction to release tremendous amounts of energy The hydrogen bomb is about a thousand times as powerful as the atomic bomb or A-bomb which produces a nuclear fission explosion about a million times more powerful than comparably sized bombs using conventional high explosives such as TNT The A-bomb was a necessary first step toward the development of the H-bomb Before the A-bomb was developed by the United States during World War II there was
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