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The purpose of this paper is to critically analyze the behavioral modification approach by addressing it strengths and weaknesses Firstly I will introduce the finder the underlying assumptions and the concepts of the approach Secondly I will present some criticisms with respect to its theory and application Finally I will defend both the theory and its application and focus on how teachers might benefit from learning such an approach and its application The techniques in the behavioral approach are effective tools for altering students maladaptive behaviors when a teacher utilizes them skillfully and appropriately In addition to preparation and organization of class material teachers have to face problems of classroom management such as misbehaviors of students One of the most effective approaches they can use is the behavior modification approach This approach uses principles in operant conditioning that is rewarding the on-task or good behaviors and punishing the off-task or bad behaviors BF Skinner a positivist who believes science should be studied in an observable way is the founder of the behavioral modification approach He claims that the unconscious is not empirical or observable and therefore should not be studied Wheldall Merrett 15 According to the operant learning theory learning results from the interaction between behavior and environment The relationship between behavior and environment is best illustrated by an A-B-C model in which A refers to the antecedent environment B refers to a single occurrence of a specific behavior and C refers to environmental consequences Martin Sugarman 70 C is very important because some weaken them The change in behavior is referred to as learning The underlying assumptions of the approach includes that 1 behavior must be observable 2 behavior is learned 3 the interaction between environment and behavior is reciprocal that is behavior is a function of environment and vice versa and 4 humans are not passive but instead they are active creators of their environment Martin Surgarman 70 In order
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