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The Bubonic Plague has killed more people than any other plague During the 1300s the Black Death as they called it killed nearly half the population of Europe They called it the Black Death because of the dark color the peoples faces would turn after they died It is caused by rod-shaped bacteria Yersinia Pestis The Bubonic Plague is an acute and severe infection It is carried by the fleas on infected rodentsrat squirrel If the rodent or flea bites a person then it can be passed from person to person from mucus droplets spread by coughing When infected the person becomes ill in a few hours to a few days The bacteria spread throughout the body The symptoms include swollen lymph nodesbuboes damaged capillaries signified by bleeding under the skin and black splotches high fever aching limbs vomiting blood shivering and extreme pain and swelling continues in lymph nodes on groins armpits and neck until they burst shortly before death Other forms of the plague are pneumonic which causes severe pneumonia and septicemia All forms of the plague are extremely dangerous and contagious 2 The plague has been known for at least three-thousand years Epidemics have been recorded in China since 224bc The disease occurred in huge pandemics that destroyed the entire populations of cities throughout the Middle Ages they have occurred sporadically since that time The last great pandemic began in China in 1894 and spread to Africa the Pacific islands Australia and the Americas reaching San Francisco in 1900 Plague still occurs in Asia Africa South America and Australia but rarely appears in the US Two small well-contained outbreaks occurred in India in 1994 In 1950 the World Health Organization initiated sanitation programs for plague control throughout the world 1 Many preventive measures such as sanitation killing of rats and prevention of the transport of rats in ships arriving from ports in which the disease is endemic
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