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Eating disorders are complex illnesses that affect adolescents with increasing frequency They rank as the third most common chronic illness in adolescent females with an incidence of up to 5 a rate that has increased dramatically over the past three decades Two major subgroups of the disorders are recognized a restrictive form in which food intake is severely limited anorexia nervosa and a bulimic form in which binge eating episodes are followed by attempts to minimize the effects of overeating via vomiting catharsis exercise or fasting bulimia nervosa These eating disorders are complex illnesses which in 90 of the cases affect young women in their teen years and early 20s This has become a serious issue in our society which has been brought on by society itself In this paper I will examine the effects of these eating disorders and the role that society has played and continues to play in perpetuating their existence while making inadequate attempts to slow down its progressAnorexia Nervosa is a state of starvation and emaciation which can be accomplished by severe dieting or by purging People with anorexia nervosa become emaciated to the point of actual starvation losing at least 15 to as much as 60 of normal body weight for age and height Patients normally reduce weight by severely restricting their diets Vomiting and abuse of laxatives diuretics or exercise my also be part of this misplaced attempt to control weight Anorexia nervosa occurs in to 1 of girls aged 13 to 17 peaking at age 15 If not treated anorexia can lead to serious physical problems such as malnutrition damage to the heart and kidneys and even deathBulimia nervosa which is more common than anorexia describes a cycle of bingeing and purging A person with bulimia nervosa eats large amounts of high-calorie food in a short period of time then uses vomiting andor laxatives to purge the food before it can be absorbed by the
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