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Calymmatobacterium Granulomatis scientific name is a specific species of bacteria that causes Granuloma Inguinale most commonly called Donovanosis Donovanosis is a sexually transmitted disease STD that affects the groin area Donovanosis usually forms as genital lesions which are slow to heal develop and cause little or no pain Unfortunately the disease is usually ulcerative Interestingly Donovanosis is caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis a gram-negative pleomorphic bacillus The bacterium is rod shaped Donovanosis is mostly transmitted through sex but also is transmitted through a fecal route or by passage through an infected birth canal The disease is mildly contagious and repeated exposure may be necessary for clinical infection to occur The symptoms of Donovanosis are split into four different groups depending on the type of Donovanosis Considering the fact that there are four different types Most symptoms appear between 1 and 16 week after contact Ulcerovegetative type most common painless ulcers that spread at a very speedy rate The ulcers are typically a bright beefy red and bleed very easily sometimes just from touch Most ulcers are between one-half and two inches long Occasionally they range from two to four inches long It is very rare that an ulcer would reach over four inches Nodular type Soft often pruritic red nodules arise at the site of inoculation and eventually ulcerate presenting a bright red granulating surface These tend to be the most painful of all Cicatricial type Dry ulcers evolve into cicatricial plaques and may be associated with lymphedema Hypertrophic or verrucous type relatively rare This proliferative reaction with formation of large vegetating masses may resemble genital warts Extreme Elephantitis of the genitals in later stage lesions is very common and very painful Donovanosis has the ability to spread to other areas of the body Some areas it most commonly spreads to are the oral cavity gastrointestinal tract lungs liver spleen and bones The disease rarely proves fatal but still claims a few lives a year Cures
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