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3 Wars to unify Germany Causes and results territories taken of the FF aDanish war of 1864 or Austria-Prussia vs Denmark Bismark brought about a war with Denmark over the provinces of Schlesweig and Holstein Prussia joined by Austria easily defeated Denmark and compelled it to cede Schlesweig-Holstein Prussia and Austria became the joint owners of the two provinces b7 Weeks war of 1866 Bismarck deliberately quarreled with Austria regarding the administration of the conquered provinces and provoked a war Bismarcks purpose was to end Austrian power in Germany Most German states suppoerted Austria since they were fearful of Prussian domination Prussia was allied with Italy which wanted the Italian-inhabited territory held by Austria General von Moltkes armies overwhelmed Austria so quickly that the war is also called Seven Weeks War To the surprise of military experts Prussian troops crushed the Austrian army in Seven Weeks War of 1866 Careful planning an efficient railway system and superior weapons gave Prussia the advantage despite Austrias greater size and larger population Austria agreed to allow Prussia to annex Schlesweig and Holstein and a number of smaller German states After the war Prussia organized a new union of states called the North German Confederation with a constitution based on the Frankfurt Parliament of 1848 Austria was not included in the new confederation therefore removing it from German affairs Bismarcks goal of making Prussia the dominant German power had been achieved Only the South German states now remained outside Prussias control but the Catholic population of these states had little desire to be dominated by Protestant Prussia By the treaty of peace Austria ceded Venetia to Italy and by treating Austria generously Bismarck expected to gain its friendship for the emerging German state cFranco-Prussian War Bismarck now desired a war with France so that the south Germans by fighting a common enemy and experiencing wartime
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