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Word Count: 326
Chapter 15 Vocab Boiling temperature elevation- property of solutions that describes temperature difference between boiling point of a pure solvent and temperature at which solution begins to boil Colligative property- characteristic of a solution that does not depend on size or type of particles present as a solute but only on concentration of the particles eg boiling point elevation and freezing point depression Dissociation- separation of a molecule into two or more fragments Producing no new substances Electrolyte- separation of a molecule into two or fragments producing no new substances Freezing point depression- property of solution that describes the temperature difference between the freezing point of a pure solvent and temperature at which a solution begins to freeze Heterogeneous mixture - mixture in which the parts are still visible Homogenous mixture- one in which the components are uniformly mixed and cannot be visually distinguished Hydrated- condition in which a charged ion is surrounded by water molecules Immiscible- not capable of being mixed Ionic equation- representation listing reactants and products as hydrated ions rather than in molecular form Miscible- capable of being mixed Molality- number of moles of solute per kilogram of solvent Net ionic equation- ionic equation without representation of spectator ions Precipitate- insoluble substance formed through a chemical reaction in a solution Saturated- condition that exists when a solution cannot dissolve any more solute at a given temperature Solubility- maximum quantity of a substance that will dissolve in a solvent Solute- component of a solution in the lesser amount Solution- mixture that looks uniform through out and does not scatter light Solvation- process of dissolving a solute in a solvent Solvent- component of a solution that is in the greater quantity Spectator ion- ion that is present but does not participate in a reaction Supersaturated- condition that exists when a solution contains more
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