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Does the trial of Galileo indicate that the church was hostile to new ideas in science Galileo Galilei 1564-1642 proved to be the first dramatic example of conflict between science and religion Galileo introduced and correctly explained the idea- what is the acceleration of a free falling object by doing this he quashed the previous theories of his predecessor Aristotle Aristotle came up with the theory that the weight of an object and the medium through which it was moving determined the downward speed of the object Galileo after having carried out numerous experiments concluded that in a vacuum an object accelerated independent of its weight He proved this by rolling a ball down a ramp at different angles and calculated the acceleration He found that the rate of acceleration was constant according to the equation avt Aristotles thoughts tended to deal with the physical world we live in Galileo on the other hand was more concerned with an ideal world The modern age of science began in 1543 with the publication of Copernicuss book On the revelation of the celestial orbs A key feature of the new science was mathematical reasoning and quantifiable observations According to the Copernican model the planets and the earth revolve around the sun this is accurate although mathematically simpler One of the important changes taking place was that people began to view the earth as a mathematical structure relationships were quantative not qualative as they had been for Aristotle The scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century owes a lot to maths Galileo found additional evidence to support the copernican theory with a combination of theory and experiment which was essential to his study this can also be traced back to Archimedes in
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