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Word Count: 862
The civil service is an administrative system which consists of a body of government official who are employed in civil occupations The civil service is the single aspect of British government most renowned for its stability and reluctance to change For many it had been the object of criticism from all parts of the political spectrum for its power without accountability and for bias in the use of that power British constitutional theory makes clear distinctions between the political role of ministers and the administrative role of civil servants Ministers are in charge of Departments and responsible to Parliament for running them whereas the civil servants advise ministers on policy and implement government decisions Three major features of the civil servants which is their permanence which means that civil servants are career officials prepared to serve government of any party while ministers come and go civil servants remain Political Neutrality is another feature which means that British civil servants are required to be politically impartial not allowing their own political opinions influence their actions and loyally carrying out decisions whether they agree with them or not they must not engage in any partisan political activity The last feature us anonymity which is the function of ministers to be politically answerable for their Departments to Parliament and public whereas it is the role of civil servants to offer confidential advice in secret If civil service became public figures this might compromise their neutrality since they would become associated in the public mind with a particular policy it also might undermine the frankness of the advice offered to ministers The three roles are crucial aspect of the civil service that needs to be preserved as a constitutional durability For example impartiality provides quick effective switching so when plans for nationalisation were drawn up by he successive Labour governments the civil service had to dismantle them when Margaret Thatcher undertook her massive privatisation programme The
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