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In Civilization and its discontents the philosopher Sigmund Freud suggests that from both the point of view of the individual and the species the ego is not an original feature of the human psyche but a result of a long process of development According to Freud the only part that is present at birth is the id and at this stage in life the infant doesnt understand how the actions that one commits affect the environment in which they live The ego is the agency by which we connect the id with the external world Thus the ego emerges from the id and the unconscious There is nothing more certain than the feeling of ones own self of being a self-conscious and self-transparent human being The ego originally includes everything it is a feeling of unity and autonomy that is developed when no distinction is made between the inside and outside but later it separates from itself to the external world When the ego is formed the person realizes that there is an outside world and that their actions have to fit in the boundaries set by society Sometimes the boundaries of the ego are not maintained and it tends to break down when one falls in love A man who falls in love declares that I and you are one and is prepared to behave as if it were a factpg13 To love someone is to give entirely oneself to a special someone to love myself in him and the ideal of my own self in him The ego is formed through the reality and pleasure principles The goal for everyone is to be happy and to avoid pain and suffering Happiness is understood as pleasure and it can never be completely fulfilled due to bodily pain and suffering from the external world and our relations with others Everyone has to adjust to the physical environment and come to understand that they cant always
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